Hours worked

Actual weekly hours by gross weekly pay quintile (2010-2020 (Q2/Q3))

Usual weekly hours by gross weekly pay quintile (2010-2020 (Q2/Q3))

Looking at hours worked within London and the rest of England can give us useful insight on our working patterns pre- and post-pandemic. Actual hours worked are heavily impacted by external factors, such as a pandemic, whereas usual hours are not expected to change much over the years. 

Actual hours worked vary more across time and in particular between 2019 and 2020 for the bottom income quintiles. The decline in actual hours worked for the 2nd income quintile is most extreme between 2019 and 2020 in London. Whereas in the rest of England, there is a clear decline for almost all quintiles but it is most prominent in the bottom quintile.

Additionally, when disaggregating the data by gender we see a large gap between the amount of actual hours (and a smaller gap for usual hours) worked between men and women across the years. One reason could be because non-paid work (such as care work) are not accounted for in the actual hours worked. Another reason is that the data is limited since it only accounts for people in full-time work.  

The great decline in actual hours between 2019 and 2020 are prominent for both men and women at a similar level. Women see a decline of 10.4% in London and 11.9% in the rest of England in their actual hours worked, whereas men see a decline of 11.4% in London and 12.6% in the rest of England. 

Total actual and total usual hours worked by gross weekly pay quintiles includes over-time hours in the main job and is limited to only full-time employees. The reference period is April to September of each year.

Actual weekly hours by gender (2010-2020)

Usual weekly hours by gender (2010-2020)